What is the Best Treatment for Ovarian Cyst?

Ovaries are the most vital part of the female reproductive system and located on the sides of the uterus. The function of these ovaries is to produce an egg that fertilizes with the sperm to later form an embryo. Also, they produce female reproductive hormones called estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cysts are the fluid-filled sacs that may develop in one or both the ovaries. Mostly, the cysts are symptom-free.

Types of ovarian cysts

Functional cysts - These cysts are formed during ovulation and get shrunken within 2-3 menstrual cycles. These type of cysts rarely occur after the menopause.

Dermoid cysts - The cysts that are filled with different types of tissues such as hair follicles or skin are known as a dermoid cyst.

Endometrioma cysts - Also known as “chocolate cysts”, these are formed when tissue similar to that of the lining of the uterus gets attached to the ovaries.

Cystadenoma cysts - These are the cysts that develop from cells on the outer surface of the ovaries.

Polycystic ovarian diseases - These cysts are formed by a buildup of follicles, which cause the ovaries to enlarge and also cause thickening of the outer covering. This hampers the ovulation process and leads to fertility issues.

Signs and symptoms that indicate ovarian cysts

Most of the times, the ovarian cysts do not cause any symptoms. However, if there is excessive growth, the following symptoms can be seen:

  • Swelling or bloating in the abdominal region. 
  • Pain during the bowel movements. 
  • Painful menstrual cycles. 
  • Pain during sexual intercourse. 
  • Low back pain. 
  • Tenderness in the breast. 
  • Nausea and vomiting. 
In some of the severe cases, the patient may need immediately need to consult a doctor, such as :

  • Sharp intolerable pain in the abdomen or the pelvic region. 
  • Fever 
  • Fainting 
  • Dizziness 
  • Increased heart rate. 
  • Weakness or lightheadedness 
Complications of ovarian cysts

Most of the ovarian cysts occur without any symptoms. Some of the cysts like Polycystic Ovarian Disease can cause infertility issues. However, in some cases, the cysts may turn into masses which may turn out to be cancerous.

Another complication that might happen maybe ovarian torsion. This happens when a large cyst leads to twisting and therefore movement of the ovary from its original position. As a result, the blood supply can be disconnected. This can cause huge damage or even death of the ovarian cells.

In some rare cases, the cysts may get ruptured and cause severe pain and internal bleeding. This increases the risk of infection in the body.


Most of the cysts are without any noticeable symptoms and can shrink with age. Hence, the only treatment in these cases is observation. The patient should have a regular ultrasound to watch over the condition and check if they have got worse or reduced from before.

In some cases, where the cysts are recurring, the doctor may recommend taking the birth control pills or hormonal pills to inhibit the recurrence of the cysts.

The surgical removal of the cyst is recommended by the gynecologists in the following cases:

1. Ovarian cyst of size more than 6-7 cm
2. Presence of ovarian masses bilaterally
3. Cancerous cells
4. If there is any complication from the cyst such as cyst rupture.

The surgery is known as ovarian cystectomy.

The ovarian cystectomy is of two types:
  • Open surgery 
  • Laparoscopic surgery 
In most of the cases, the surgeons prefer to do the laparoscopic surgery, as it is done by using the minimally invasive technique. In this type of surgery, only the damaged tissue is removed while preserving the ovaries and other healthy tissues. The advantages of laparoscopic surgeries are :
  • Fast recovery 
  • Lesser trauma to the surrounding tissues 
  • Less hospital stay 
  • Lesser risk of infection. 

The success rate of the ovarian cystectomy is quite high. The gynecologists in India are highly skilled and experience to perform such surgeries. The hospitals are well-equipped with world-class infrastructure to perform the surgeries with great accuracy and good results. The ovarian cyst removal cost in India is also highly reasonable.

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